Amphibian Research

The Garden Conservation team has had significant results from work with Panamanian frogs:

  • First in the world to breed the Eyelash Marsupial Frog, Gastrotheca cornuta (2006), Rabb’s Fringe Limb Tree Frog, Ecnomiohyla rabborum (2006), and the Slope-snouted Glass Frog in captivity, Cochranella euknemos (2008).
  • Regarded as leaders in the field for developing methods for keeping and breeding Glass Frogs in captivity, especially with regard to methods for rearing tadpoles (2000-present).
  • Published the first detailed account of an emergency response to an emergent infectious amphibian disease outbreak (peer review, 2008). [Gagliardo, R, P. Crump, E. Griffith, J. R. Mendelson III, H. Ross, and K. C. Zippel. 2008. The principles of rapid response for amphibian conservation, using the programs in Panama as an example. International ZooYearbk 42: 125–135.]
  • Published the first accounts for the captive care and breeding of Gage’s Robber Frog, Pristimantis gaigei (2010), Granulated Glass Frog, Cochranella granulosa (2012), Eyelash Marsupial Frog, Gastrotheca cornuta (2010), and Pratt’s Rocket Frog, Colostethus pratti (peer review, 2011). [Hill, R., J. Kaylock, E. Griffith, H. Ross, R. Gagliardo, and P. Crump, 2010. Observations on the captive reproduction of Gaige’s Rain Frog, Pristimantis gaigeae. Herpetological Review, 41(4): 465 –467.]; [Gagliardo, R., E. Griffith, R. Hill, H. Ross, J.R. Mendelson, E. Timpe, and B. Wilson, 2010. Observations on the captive reproduction of the Horned Marsupial Frog Gastrotheca cornuta (Boulenger 1898). Herpetological Review 41(1): 52–58.]; [Hill, R. L., J. B. Kaylock, R. W. Gagliardo, E. K. Timpe, E. Griffith, and H. Ross, 2011. Observations on the Captive Reproduction of Colostethus pratti. Herpetological Review, 42(3): 365-367.]; [Hill, R. L., J. B. Kaylock, E. Cuthbert, E. Griffith, and H. Ross. Observations on the captive maintenance and reproduction of the Cascade Glass Frog, Sachatamia albomaculata, 2012. Herpetological Review, Accepted for publication July 2012.]
  • Published a full account of the use of a modified shipping container as a frog breeding lab (Leaf Litter Magazine, 2009) [Fenolio, D., R. Hill, J. Kaylock, and J Cruse Sanders, 2010. The use of a modified shipping container as an amphibian laboratory at the Atlanta Botanical Garden. Leaf Litter Magazine 3(1): 6–9.]
  • Advanced the implementation of modified shipping containers with unique modifications implemented in our own lab (2008-2012, heat pump vs. A/C units, floor mats, lighting, and misting system improvements).
    Shipped in excess of 500 captive produced frogs from the Panama collection to accredited institutions world wide, including over 350 Lemur Leaf Frogs, which serve as education and outreach tools for spreading the news about amphibian decline (2005-2012). Recipient Institutions include: the National Zoo, the Houston Zoo, Zoo Atlanta, the Toronto Zoo, the Albuquerque BioPark, the Miami Zoo, the Henry Dorley Zoo, the Toledo Zoo, the Como Zoo, the Henry Vials Zoo, the North Carolina Zoo, the Fresno Chaffe Zoo, the Bronx Zoo, the Denver Zoo, the Tennessee Aquarium, the Baltimore Aquarium, the Moody Gardens and the Audubon Institute.
  • Advised nearly a dozen institutions with regard to implementing new amphibian breeding labs, or modifications or existing labs, based on our own experiences (2008-2012). (e.g., Labs in Chile, labs in Costa Rica, lab in Panama, lab in Ecuador, lab in Brasil, lab in Singapore, lab at the Central Florida Zoo, lab at the Albuquerque BioPark, lab at the Oklahoma City Zoo, the Dallas Zoo, etc.)
  • Helped with academic research by supplying captive produced frogs for said work to no fewer than six universities/academic organizations (2008-2012). Examples: North Carolina State University (developmental research), Tennessee State (Bd research), University of South Florida (taxonomic research), University of Miami (captive husbandry research), Glasgow University (skin toxin research) and the National Institute of Health (skin toxin research).

Publications in the works include the first observation of competitive interactions between Crowned Tree Frog Tadpoles and the care and captive reproduction of the Slope-snouted Glass Frog.