White Pitcher Plant
Common Name: White Pitcher Plant
Scientific Name: Sarracenia leucophylla
Origin: Southeastern United States
Bloom time: March - June
Native to the Gulf Coast, Florida Panhandle and southern Alabama and Georgia, the White Pitcher Plant is a cornerstone of the Garden's conservation efforts. Human development and forest succession have led to the loss of its unique wetland habitat.
The plant attracts insect prey with a combination of scent, gravity and a waxy substance that disables insect feet forcing it to slip into the pitcher. Farther down, downward-pointing hairs make escape impossible. The lowest part of the pitcher contains a pool of liquid that drowns and digests the prey, leaving the exoskeletons to pile up inside.
The pitcher of the Sarracenia can also perform the functions of a normal leaf, including photosynthesis – insects aren't the only source of energy.
While known for its unique pitcher-shape and carnivorous abilities, Sarracenia leucophylla flower beautifully in spring, offering deep maroon flowers in addition to its eponymous tube.
The Sarracenia are a nationally accredited plant collection recognized by the Plant Collection Network, a program of the American Public Gardens Association.